Braking penalized receding horizon control of heavy haul trains

04 Feb 2014

Incorporated with a receding horizon control (RHC) approach, a penalty method is proposed to reduce energy wasted by braking in a heavy haul train’s operation. The train’s practical nonlinear model is linearized to design the RHC controller. This controller is then applied to the train practical nonlinear dynamics and its performances are analyzed. In particular, the main focus in this study is on the brake penalty’s impact on the train performances. Meantime, a fence method is presented to tackle two issues. The first one is that all the cars in a train cannot be controlled individually due to limit of available transmission channels for control systems in a long train. The other one is that the RHC approach suffers from heavy computation and memory load. Simulations verified that the brake penalty presented in the design can reduce a train’s energy consumption and intrain forces remarkably without sacrificing the train’s velocity tracking performance. Simulations also verified that the fence method is essential to reduce the related computation load when the RHC approach is applied to a long heavy haul train. Further, it is demonstrated that the fence method can effectively shorten computation time and reduce memory