English: Waste control in intensively farmed and densely settled rural areas of South Africa poses a particular challenge to integrated waste management policy. In this case study, undertaken in the Western Cape, a survey among 350 rural landowners revealed a typology of the significant amounts of often environmentally detrimental waste generated, and confirmed that inappropriate storage, collection and disposal strategies were employed on rural properties. Disposal sites were generally poorly located, constructed and operated, generating environmental problems. Owners’ perceptions of their own practices, their attitude towards participation in alternative waste management schemes, and their service needs are reported on in this article in order to inform service provision strategies. Owners expressed a variety of needs and requirements for public service delivery, as well as a willingness to participate in and to pay for services.