Synthesis and biological evaluation of (E)-cinnamic acid, (E)-2-styrylthiazole and (E)-2-[2-(naphthalen-1-yl)vinyl]thiazole derivatives

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 3
  • Abstract:

    Cinnamyl- and thiazole-based compounds have been shown to exhibit diverse medicinal properties and a series of twelve (E)-2-styrylthiazole and (E)-2-[(naphthalen-1-yl)vinyl]thiazole derivatives, which are conjugates of both systems and which satisfy the “Lipinski rule of 5”, have been synthesised and subjected to in vitro biological screening. While insignificant inhibition (60-98% viability at 10 μM) of HeLa (cervical cancer) cells was noted, all five of the (E)-2-[naphthalen-1- yl)vinyl]thiazole derivatives proved remarkably active against SH-SY5Y (neuroblastoma) cells with IC50 values ranging from 2.09 to 8.64 μM. Two of the seven (E)-2-styrylthiazoles were found to be moderately active (with IC50 values of 10.8 and 11.7 mM), whereas the remaining five analogues exhibit significant proliferation of SH-SY5Y cells (with IC50 values of 180-1000 mM). The results warrant further studies on the effects of styrylthiazoles on the differentiation and extension of SH-SY5Y cells in order to assess their activity in neurological degenerative diseases.