Refining the classification of knowledge transfer mechanisms for project-to-project knowledge sharing

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 17
  • Abstract:

    BACKGROUND : The complex, unique and temporary nature of projects makes project-to-project knowledge transfer challenging and has attracted attention from both practitioners and academic scholars. This challenging nature of project-to-project knowledge transfer led to the proliferation of a host of tools and instruments (so-called knowledge transfer mechanisms) in which little structure can be discovered making selection by (project) managers a difficult task. AIM : This article aims to deal with this unstructured proliferation of knowledge transfer mechanisms by empirically categorising these transfer mechanisms, thereby reducing the number of mechanisms to groups that share a common characteristic. SETTING : The study takes stock of the wide range of knowledge transfer mechanisms available and analyses them in terms of specific characteristics (e.g. explicitness or reach). METHODS : A multi-method approach is used in which a multi-level latent class analysis is applied on data collected via an expert panel. RESULTS : Five categories of transfer mechanisms could be empirically established where these mechanisms showed common characteristics. CONCLUSION : The taxonomy developed will allow organisations and project managers to more efficiently select appropriate transfer mechanisms for use in project-to-project knowledge transfer.