Distinctive staining of colonies of Cowdria ruminantium in midguts of Amblyomma hebraeum

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 3
  • Abstract:

    Mallory's phloxine-methylene blue stain was used to differentiate colonies of Cowdria ruminantium in midgut epithelial cells of nymphal Amblyomma hebraeum that had been infected as larvae. Gut tissues were collected from nymphs that had fed on a susceptible sheep and were fixed in formol-saline on the day of repletion. Paraffin sections, 3-4 μm thick, were then stained and this rendered colonies and cell nuclei densely blue against a uniformly pink background of tick tissues. Colonies were easily distinguished from nuclei by their specific morphology. This method of parasite visualization may be adapted to field-collected ticks for rapid detection of C. ruminantium or to assays of susceptibility of tick populations to various strains of the organism.