This article aims to understand what role Steve Biko and the Black Consciousness Movement,
and the Soweto Uprising, played in Christian activism between the early 1970s and late 1980s.
The question is: did the Black Consciousness Movement and the Soweto Uprising influence
Christian activists to engage differently with notions such as reconciliation during the struggle
against apartheid? The article revisits the actions and thinking of Christian activists before
1994 to understand some of their views on reconciliation, but most importantly, to understand
their interactions, engagement with the Black Consciousness Movement and the Soweto
Uprising. The article focuses on some of the church leaders and liberation theologians who
were inspired and encouraged by Black Consciousness movements, including Allan Boesak
and Desmond Tutu. To revisit their thinking and actions, in the heart of the struggle against
apartheid, may help us understand current struggles on reconciliation, particularly in
connection with the new generation of activists known as the Fallists. We may discover that
the new generation is opening ‘old or new’ debates around reconciliation in South Africa.