The familial home environment, where parenting takes place, plays an
important role in the health behaviors that children and adolescents
engage in and has implications on health and well-being in later life.
Lifestyle-related behaviors predispose children and adolescents to the global
burden of non-communicable and other lifestyle-related diseases. This
review therefore examined and described previous studies looking at the
associations between health behaviors and parenting approaches. It suggests
that engagement in health behaviors, which promotes overall health
and well-being, was associated with autonomy, supportive parenting, parental
encouragement, behavior control, parental nurturance, warmth and
responsiveness, and parental involvement. The review highlights the gap in
literature focusing on the health behavior of children and adolescents as
well as on parenting. In addition, the review also provides an overview of
the continents where fewer studies have examined the presented associations.
The findings presented also serve as a guide for program development
and implementation to address the increase in non-communicable
and other lifestyle-related diseases.