Few-layer binder free graphene modified mercury film electrode for trace metal analysis by square wave anodic stripping voltammetry

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 13
  • SDG 12
  • Abstract:

    A binding agent free graphene modified glassy carbon electrode in combination with an in situ plated mercury film electrode (Gr-GC-HgFE) was used as a highly sensitive electrochemical platform for the determination of Zn2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ in 0.1 M acetate buffer (pH 4.6) by square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV). Instrumental parameters such as deposition potential, deposition time and electrode rotation speed were optimized. The Gr-GC-HgFE sensing platform exhibited improved sensitivity for metal ion detection, in addition to well defined, reproducible and sharp stripping signals. Two linear calibration curves ranging from 0 –10 μg L−1 and 0 – 60 μg L−1 were identified yielding detection limits of 0.08 μg L−1, 0.05 μg L−1 and 0.14 μg L−1 for Zn2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+, respectively, for simultaneous analysis and 0.04 μg L−1, 0.11 μg L−1 and 0.14 μg L−1 for Zn2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+, respectively, for individual analysis when using a deposition time of 120 s. For practical applications recovery studies using tap water samples spiked with target metal ions gave recoveries within 10% of the spiked amount. Much better recoveries were obtained for the individual analysis in comparison with simultaneous analysis.