Studies on the comparative actions of carbamylcholine, physostigmine and neostigmine in different species of domestic animals

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 3
  • Abstract:

    In a series of experiments the comparative actions of carbamylcholine, physostigmine and neostigmine were compared in different species. Carbamylcholine was shown to have the following undesirable effects: (i) Respiratory distress due to bronchial secretion and constriction. (ii) Marked drop in blood pressure due to vasocollapse. (iii) Production of uncoordinated contractions of the rumen and inhibition of the reticulum. (iv) Profuse salivation. . (v) Little effect on the large intestine of the horse or sheep. It was more active on the stomach and bladder than the other two drugs tested. Physostigmine and neostigmine had very similar actions characterised by: (i) A slight rise in blood pressure after therapeutic doses. Evidence is produced indicating that this may be due to adrenaline secretion. (ii) Very little effect on the heart rate, salivary secretion or bronchioles. (iii) Little effect on the stomach of the dog or donkey. Increased strength of the contractions of the rumen and reticulum. Marked stimulation of the large intestine in all species. The impression was gained that neostigmine produced purgation in equines and dogs with less signs of colic than did physostigmine.