(1) A cardiac glycoside, transvaalin, with molecular formula C₃₆H₅₂O₁₃, was
isolated from Urginea burkei Bkr.
(2) Transvaalin has the typical raticidal properties of scilliroside when dosed
per os or injected intraperitoneally. The m.l.d. for rats, dosed per os, was
(3) Hydrolysis of transvaalin yielded scillaridin A, C₂₄H₃₀O₃, and scillabiose
from which it appears that transvaalin must either be isomeric with scillaren A
or a very stable complex of scillaren A and a rat-poison e.g. scilliroside.
(4) Fractionation of transvaalin with chloroform-butanol yielded no scilliroside
or other rat-poison, while the activity of transvaalin remained unchanged
towards rats and frogs, contradicting the possibility that it is a complex of scillaren
A and a rat-poison.
(5) The isolation (in small yield) of an amorphous water-soluble poisonous
principle from U. burkei. is reported.