Abstract: Many studies on public international law and peace have focused on the role selfdetermination played in bringing about independence and liberty in third-world countries. Besides self-determination, this article seeks to investigate the dilemma surrounding the right to remedial secession and its inability to lead to peace in Africa. Political leadership in Africa is encountering numerous human rights violations, discrimination and marginalisation, which has led to civil conflicts. In the search for peace and security, many people have been clamouring for the right to secession but unfortunately, peace has remained a tragedy on the continent. By analysing whether the right to remedial secession entails automatic peace, this article reveals that most rights to secession granted to many communities in Africa do not lead to peace. It is argued that granting the right to secession in a community where there is lack of political will and patriotism, in a community divided along tribal lines, and a community marred by deep-rooted corruption and nepotism; will not bring about peace and security. Thus, there is need for Africans to have strong political will and be more patriotic, and overcome corruption, ethnicity and nepotism for the remedial right to lead to peace. To arrive at these assertions, the article adopted a qualitative research analysis with an exploratory approach.