Abstract: This article examines the practice of Ubuntu by the traditional amaXhosa towards amaMfengu who came to them as strangers and refugees during the nineteenth century. This is achieved by considering the light shared in Mqhayi’s historical novel Ityala Lamawele, which illustrates the response of this nation towards the arrival of amaMfengu. More evidence of this response is sought from various historical sources. The manner in which these newcomers were embraced and assimilated into the nation of amaXhosa forms the bulk of this discourse. An explanation of the concept of ubuntu is included in this research. A historical background of amaMfengu will be provided in the discussion. This article is also intended to contribute towards the promotion of African Renaissance and Pan Africanism in current and future generations. Keywrds: Ubuntu, amaXhosa, amaMfengu, refugees, strangers, S. E. K. Mqhayi, Ityala Lamawele, Gcalekaland.