The influence of scanning speed on laser metal deposition of Ti/TiC powders

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 13
  • SDG 12
  • SDG 9
  • Abstract:

    Abstract: This paper describes the experimental work performed on laser metal deposition (LMD) of titanium carbide powders on pure titanium substrate. The understanding the effect of LMD processing parameters is vital in controlling the properties of the final product fabricated from the LMD process. The objective of the study is to characterize the influence of laser scanning speed of metal deposition of titanium and titanium carbide powders on pure titanium substrate. Microstructural characterization results showed that the substrate is characterized by two-phase morphology; alpha and beta phase. Deposit zone microstructures showed that the grains are of continuous columnar in nature. Heat affected zone region grain areas appear to decrease with increasing in scanning speed for different samples at different scanning speeds. The height of samples at different scanning was observed to decrease with increase in scanning speed. Microhardness results showed that the hardness of the deposits is greater than the hardness of the substrate. Wear resistance performance results showed that the coefficient of friction of substrate is greater than the coefficient of friction of the deposit samples. Wear volume loss of material of the substrate is higher than the deposits. The deposit contains titanium carbide and, as such, this powder has improved the wear resistance performance of the substrate.