Abstract: South Africa’s peace and security outlook in the EU-SA Strategic Partnership has been guided by the content and substance of the founding document, which incorporates an interdependent approach to development. For South Africa, engagement in the EU-SA Strategic Partnership is framed by its historical background, its identity and the content of its foreign policy. South Africa’s foreign policy in particular adopts an integrated approach to securing the state within its surrounding regional and continental geography. This article reviews South Africa’s approach to peace and security, in the context of the strategic partnership. The article argues that, overall, South Africa’s definition of peace and security is compatible with that of the EU, however, Pretoria’s vision of how it provides peace and security has naturally changed in line with the varying international circumstances in which it has found itself. While this has proved difficult at times to reconcile peace and security collaboration in the strategic partnership has managed to remain intact.