Emmanuel Levinas  argued that ethics cannot be regarded as a set of principles, rules or norms, but rather that
the fundamental basis of ethics is communication and negotiated decision-making. This article explores the conditions
necessary for ethical behavior to occur, as explored by Murray , by focusing on two relevant issues: firstly the ability of the
individual to announce themselves, i. e. their ability to open up or share of themselves, and secondly, their ability to represent
themselves in issues surrounding decision-making. These two issues will be explored by referring to people with severe
dementia and those who have severe communication problems. The paper includes the voice of the individual as well as the
voice of those who interact with individuals with severe communication problems.