Effect of ingredient particle sizes on surface roughness characteristics of PKS brake lining

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 12
  • SDG 9
  • Abstract:

    Abstract: experience mechanical damage when they are exposed to a corrosive environment. A typical solid surface like a brake pad has a complex structure and complex properties depending on the nature of the solids, the method of surface preparation, and the interaction between the surface and the environment. The surface roughness of a novel friction linings prepared using varying palm kernel shell (PKS) powder particle sizes (0.300 mm, 0.425 mm and 0.850 mm) as reinforcements were investigated. The investigation was conducted via a profilometer dotted with a diamond stylus at a speed of 0.2 mm/s. The determined surface roughness parameters values were in ascending order with S0.300 having the least values (Ra = 6.13 μm, Rz = 24.04 μm and Rmax = 37.3 μm) and S0.850 having the highest values (Ra = 9.87 μm, Rz = 37.28 μm and Rmax = 53.8 μm). This was an indication that the roughness characteristics of the reinforced composite were associated to the presence of pulverised PKS particles. It was further shown by scanning electron microscope images that pulverised PKS grain sizes by nature have rough surfaces and this could have contributed to the overall roughness behaviour of the reinforced composite since PKS was the only ingredient with grain size variation in the experiment.