Characterising the effect of laser power on laser metal deposited titanium alloy and boron carbide

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 13
  • SDG 12
  • Abstract:

    Abstract: Titanium alloy has gained acceptance in the aerospace, marine, chemical and other related industries due to its excellent combination of mechanical and corrosion properties. In order to augment its properties, a hard ceramic, boron carbide has been laser cladded with it at varying laser powers between 0.8 kW and 2.4 kW. This paper presents the effect of laser power on the laser deposited Ti6Al4V-B4C composites through the evolving microstructures and microhardness. The microstructures of the composites exhibit the formation of α-Ti phase and β-Ti phase and were elongated towards the heat affected zone. These phases were terminated at the fusion zone and globular microstructures were found growing epi! taxially just immediately after the fusion zone. Good bondings were formed in all the deposited composites. Sample A1 deposited at a laser power of 0.8 kW and scanning speed of 1 m/min exhibits the highest hardness of HV 432±27 while sample A4 deposited at a laser power of 2.0 kW and scanning speed of 1 m/min displays the lowest hardness of HV 360±18. From the hardness results obtained, ceramic B4C has improved the mechanical properties of the primary alloy.