The diffusion constant and molecular weight and shape of neurotropic horsesickness virus

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 13
  • SDG 3
  • Abstract:

    (1) A new method for the analytical determination of the diffusion constant of a virus is described. (2) This method is based upon the amount of virus which diffuses across the interface formed between an infective emulsion and the dispersion medium and the method of calculation is detailed. (3) From the experimental data collected the diffusion constant is calculated as 0.87 x 10-7 cm²/sec. (4) From the diffusion constant the size is calculated as 48.8 m.µ, a figure which corresponds closely to that obtained from ultrafiltration and ultracentrifugation experiments. (5) By combining the diffusion constant with the sedimentation and partial specific volume data the molecular weight is calculated to be of the order or 41,000,000. (6) From the above data it is shown that horsesickness virus particles are essentially globular in shape and not threadlike or elongated.