The main objective of the study was to evaluate knowledge and
perceptions among community pharmacists and nutritionists/
dietitians regarding obesity management in Pakistan.
A semi-structured questionnaire was distributed to a random
sample of sample of 277 community pharmacists and 146
nutritionists. The data were collected, computed and analyzed
using SPSS. Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney tests (P ≤ 0.05)
were used to compare the knowledge scores of community
pharmacists and nutritionists regarding obesity management
by profession, length of experience, type of health-care facility,
gender, age and city.
Out of 423 respondents, 66.5 % agreed on the availability of
guidelines. Most of them considered obesity management
guidelines (75.5 %), computer programs/internet (66.6 %) and
patient experience (68.7 %) as the most frequently used sources
for information regarding obesity management. Orlistat (55.1 %)
and metformin (55.7 %) were considered the most effective antiobesity
drugs by most of the respondents. The median score for
overall knowledge of community pharmacists and nutritionists
regarding standard obesity management guidelines was 33
(range 24-48) and 34 (range 24-48), respectively. No significant
differences (P < 0.05) were found among the knowledge scores
of community pharmacists and nutritionists.
The results of the present study showed adequate knowledge
and positive perceptions among community pharmacists and
nutritionists regarding management of obesity in Pakistan.
The results of the study are quite encouraging and indicate
that opportunities exist for involving community pharmacist
in weight-management services with other healthcare