The pathological physiology of helminth infestations. II. Oesophagostomum columbianum

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 13
  • SDG 3
  • Abstract:

    Trials are described in which the reactions of nine sheep infested with O. columbianum and three uninfested controls were studied in detail. The main pathological findings were:- (i) anorexia, loss in body weight, diarrhoea and increased rectal temperature followed by subsequent reduced weight gain; (ii) a decrease in plasma albumin and albumin/globulin ratio and an increase in plasma gamma globulin particularly after reinfestation; (iii) eosinophilia commencing three to four weeks after infestation and (iv) a decrease in packed cell volume, haemoglobin and total plasma protein concentration, plasma volume, absolute volume of circulating erythrocytes and total circulating plasma proteins appeared to be dietetic in origin. Marked macroscopic parasitic lesions with secondary bacterial complications were observed in all the sheep. Infestations with comparatively few larvae led to severe disease and even death.