Since 1652, South Africa has played a prominent role in the Private Military Industry. Following the end
of the Cold War, companies such as Executive Outcomes have continued to exert influence in the global
security arena, and since 9/11 and the so-called Global War on Terror (GWOT), South Africans have
remained part of the private security environment. Particularly through Erinys, although not limited to
this company, South Africans have contributed to this rising phenomenon in Iraq and elsewhere,
this article attempts to document the history and operations of this company in Iraq against the global
background – both synchronically and diachronically – from a South African point of view.