Litmus test for integrated resource management of potable water in Zimbabwe and South Africa : a comparative study in four local authorities (research findings)

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Peer-Reviewed Research
  • SDG 6
  • Abstract:

    This study is a comparative analysis of one of the major pillars (stakeholder participation) of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) induced public policies and services relating to potable water supply in selected cases in Zimbabwe and South Africa. The objectives of the study were to investigate the extent to which the stakeholder participation aspect of the IWRM paradigm has been implemented in each of four case study areas of Harare, Masvingo, Tshwane and Vhembe. Research methods involved both a theoretical review and an empirical study based on case studies, making use of comparative, qualitative, historical and exploratory approaches. The empirical research design was hybrid, although dominated by the descriptive survey approach. The study established that while the framework for a perfect stakeholder participation water management system exists in Zimbabwe and South Africa, the factual situation does not reflect this common belief. The study recommends an integrated systems approach to the management of potable water supply, full involvement of all stakeholders in the management process, intensive and extensive public campaigns, training, lobbying and advocacy. Among other recommendations are the due enforcement of water laws, venturing into entrepreneurial activities, interval reviews and check-ups, and walking the talk.