The Hebrew Bible is quoted and alluded to in 4QInstruction. There is an obvious similarity
between the way the raz nihyeh of 4QInstruction and Lady Wisdom in Proverbs 8 function.
This intertextual study investigates this phenomenon by comparing 4Q416 2 III 8–21 and
4Q417 1 I with Proverbs 8:12–21 and 8:22–31. It is concluded that apocalyptic influence changed
the character of Lady Wisdom but not her essential function.