A romantic figure of “Third World” revolution and Black liberation, Frantz Fanon is
often considered an advocate of violence as liberation therapy. Questioning the idea
of Fanon as a romantic with an a priori set of ideas that he simply applied to new
situations, I discuss the importance of contextualising Fanon’s work historically and
dialectically. In addition, I am interested in how Fanon’s psychiatry papers, written
while he was practising as a doctor in North Africa, provide another terrain to help
elucidate Fanon’s active involvement as a situational critique.