This study examined the sense of community of people with experience of forced removals in a South African setting.
The participants were 200 – 108 men (54%) and 92 women (46%) between 18 and 61 years of age and selected using
systematic random sampling from the Khuma community. Data were collected using a Sense of Community Index-2 and
the Mmogo-method®, a visual representation procedure. The questionnaire data were statistically analysed and the
qualitative data were thematically and visually analysed. Findings suggested that places were important to sense of
community in meeting their needs for survival, to maintain intergenerational relationships, and to facilitate community