The goals of procedural sedation (PSA) stretch far beyond
providing just sedation and analgesia. Practices need to
strive to treat adults and children with dignity, decreasing
their anxiety levels, providing adequate pain control, preventing
adverse events, while maintaining proper cardiorespiratory
function. Safety is crucial.
Protection of the airway is vital to ensure patient safety. In
dental sedation, the airway is usually shared by the sedation
practitioner and the dentist. Understanding the importance
of the airway and a basic knowledge of the anatomy are necessary.
Protecting the patient against hypoxia is crucial.
This article will review critical aspects of laryngospasm (a
form of airway obstruction), which may threaten patient
safety, and will discuss how to rescue the patient during