Orientation: The ministry is one occupation where burnout is increasingly considered to be a
consequence of the problems with which ministers have to cope. However, few studies focused on
the positive antipode of a minister’s work.
Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of job-demands and
job-resources on ministers’ burnout and engagement. Congregational commitment and health
were included as possible consequences of burnout and engagement.
Motivation for the study: Ministers’ well-being has become an important topic for both researchers
Research design, approach and method: A survey design with a non-probability, purposive
voluntary sample of 115 ministers was used. The Job-Demands–Resources Questionnaire, Maslach
Burnout Inventory, Work Engagement Scale, General Health Questionnaire, and Congregational
Commitment Scale were administered.
Main findings: Regression analysis indicated that the pace, amount of work and emotional
demands were indicators of burnout while growth opportunities, social support and job
significance were indicators of engagement. Furthermore, it was found that exhaustion predicted
somatic symptoms and depression, while mental distance predicted depression. Engagement
predicted social functioning and affective commitment.
Practical implications: Interventions should be implemented to help ministers deal more effectively
with any burnout symptoms experienced in order to prevent ministers who are already showing
signs of burnout from getting sick to increase their engagement and to rehabilitate individuals who
are ill as a result of the work place.
Contribution: The study contributes to knowledge regarding the effects of job-demands and
resources on the well-being of ministers