Current international trends reveal that doctoral education is increasingly expected to satisfy workplace
demands. In South Africa, Work Integrated Learning (WIL), introduced as part of the HEQF, is the
principal initiative to facilitate greater relevance of higher education in the workplace. There has,
however, been significant confusion regarding its precise definition and implications. This article presents
insights gained from interviews conducted in 2009 with employers of doctoral graduates (located outside
the higher education sector) regarding their expectations of doctoral education. The implications thereof
for WIL are discussed and, based thereon, recommendations are made to facilitate greater workplace
relevance for doctoral education in South Africa.