Many factors are identified as causes of nuclear proliferation, but three stands out among them. These
comprise the international and domestic political environment, technical capabilities and motivation.
This article explores, on the one hand, the conditions that are conducive for the proliferation of nuclear
weapons, whilst also suggesting strategies that can effectively address the problem. The authors
use the South African episode as a case study. They identify the role of technology and motivations
in the development of South Africa’s nuclear weapons programme and claim that the possession of
technological capability is not a sufficient cause of nuclear proliferation. Rather, the presence of strong
motivations in conjunction with sufficient technical capability leads to nuclear proliferation.