Parenting style is an area of research which is emerging in South Africa.
Previous research notes significant differences between ethnic groups in terms of
parenting. In a country as diverse as South Africa, which has also evolved from an
era of separatism and segregation, comparing parenting styles across ethnic groups
is an interesting topic. This is a comparative study using a cross-sectional design.
The Parenting Style and Dimension Questionnaire was used to collect the data. The
final sample consisted of 746 participants with a mean age of 20.48 (SD = 1.96)
years; 36% males and 64% females. The results found maternal authoritative
parenting style to be the most prevalent across and within groups, but there were
also significant differences between and within groups. Fathers’ parenting style was
perceived as significantly different in three ethnic groups, but mothers’ parenting
styles were not perceived as significantly different.