High osteoporotic fracture risk and CVD risk co-exist in postmenopausal women

18 March 2014

Introduction: Osteoporosis related risk factors such as BMD have been associated with cardiovascular endpoints in previous studies but there have been no studies of integrated risk using risk factor algorithms. Methods: A sample of 358 peri- and postmenopausal women, mean age 59.3 (range 45-74) years were studied. Each individual had bone mineral density (BMD) measurements by dual energy X-ray absorptiometiy. Fracture risk was assessed using the WHO FRAX algorithm and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk using the Framingham Risk Tool. Results: Women with higher 10 year risk of major osteoporotic had significantly higher cardiovascular risk (4.634% vs 8.36%, p=0.001). In multiple regression analysis, 5-year CVD risk was significantly associated with the 10-year risk of having major osteoporotic (beta=0.095, p=0.001) and hip (beta=0.055, p=0.001) fracture. Women with the highest CVD risk were 5.4 times more likely to have higher risk of major osteoporotic fracture. Conclusions: Fracture risk, determined by using a multiple risk factor algorithm such as FRAX, was positively associated with higher cardiovascular risk determined by using the Framingham Risk Tool. Awareness regarding these concurrent risk factors needs to be raised so that appropriate risk reduction can be implemented. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.