Matching Entries: more than 10,000

    SDG 2
  • SDG-2 SDG-13
    Movement of IS26-Associated Antibiotic Resistance Genes Occurs via a Translocatable Unit That Includes a Single IS26 and Preferentially Inserts Adjacent to Another IS26
    07 Mar 2016
    University of Sydney
    Harmer, Christopher J Moran, Robert A Hall, Ruth M

    TheinsertionsequenceIS26playsakeyroleindisseminatingantibioticresistancegenesinGram-negativebacteria, forming regions containing more than one antibiotic resistance gene that are flanked by and interspersed with copies of IS26. A model presented for a second mode of IS26 movement that explains the structure of these regions involves a translocatable unit consisting of a unique DNA segment carryin…

  • SDG-2 SDG-3
    Economic losses occurring due to brucellosis in Indian livestock populations.
    11 Apr 2016
    University of Sydney
    Singh, B. B. Dhand, Navneet K. Gill, J. P. S.

    Brucellosis is a serious public health issue in India. Estimation of economic losses occurring due to brucellosis is required to help formulate prevention and control strategies, but has not been done in India. We estimated economic losses due to brucellosis by sourcing prevalence data from epidemiological surveys conducted in India. Data for livestock populations were obtained from official reco…

  • SDG-2
    Attachment accuracy of a novel prototype robotic rotary and investigation of two management strategies for incomplete milked quarters
    12 Apr 2016
    University of Sydney
    Kolbach, R. Kerrisk, K. L. García, S. C. Dhand, Navneet K.

    Throughout 2009 and 2010, FutureDairy (Camden, NSW, Australia) was involved in testing a novel prototype robotic rotary (RR). The commercial version RR is expected to be capable of carrying out 90 milkings per hour. To achieve the high throughput the rotary rotates the cow to the cup attachment robot and then around the platform in a stop–start fashion. The robot does not remain with the cow duri…

  • SDG-2 SDG-5
    Factors affecting reproductive performance of dairy cows in a pasture-based, automatic milking system research farm: a retrospective, single-cohort study
    12 Apr 2016
    University of Sydney
    Talukder, S Celi, P Kerrisk, K. L. Garcia, S. C. Dhand, Navneet K.

    A retrospective single cohort study was conducted to identify production and health factors associated with reproductive performance in a pasture-based automatic milking system research farm. The calving system of this herd shifted from split calving to year round calving gradually during the study period. Data from 365 cows with 798 lactations were analysed in the study. Reproductive outcome var…

  • SDG-2
    Risk factors for congenital chondrodystrophy of unknown origin in beef cattle herds in south-eastern Australia
    13 Apr 2016
    University of Sydney
    White, P. J. Windsor, P. A. Dhand, Navneet K. Toribio, Jenny-Ann L.M.L.

    A case control study was conducted on 46 farms in south eastern Australia with a recent history of congenital chondrodystrophy of unknown origin (CCUO) between 2002 and 2007. For each farm data was collected using face-to-face interviews concerning the management of case and control mobs during the gestation period in which affected calves were born. Data concerning the paddocks in which gestatin…

  • SDG-2 SDG-3
    The management of children with Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1 in Australia
    16 May 2016
    University of Sydney
    Tassie, B Isaacs, D Kilham, H Kerridge, I

    Aims: To (1) estimate the prevalence of Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1 (SMA 1); (2) describe what practices characterise end-of-life care of patients with SMA 1; (3) ascertain whether a consistent approach to the management of these patients exists in Australia. Methods: An audit of the Australasian pathology laboratories offering the diagnostic SMN1 deletion test was conducted for patients diagn…

  • SDG-2 SDG-3
    Osteoblasts mediate the adverse effects of glucocorticoids on fuel metabolism
    20 Jul 2016
    University of Sydney
    Brennan-Speranza, Tara C. Henneicke, Holger Gasparini, Sylvia J. Blankenstein, Katharina I. Heinevetter, Uta Cogger, Victoria C. Svistounov, Dmitri Zhang, Yaqing Cooney, Gregory J. Buttgereit, Frank Dunstanl, Colin R. Gundberg, Caren Zhou, Hong Seibel, Markus J.

    Long-term glucocorticoid treatment is associated with numerous adverse outcomes, including weight gain, insulin resistance, and diabetes; however, the pathogenesis of these side effects remains obscure. Glucocorticoids also suppress osteoblast function, including osteocalcin synthesis. Osteocalcin is an osteoblast-specific peptide that is reported to be involved in normal murine fuel metabolism. …

  • SDG-2
    Accuracy of hands v. household measures as portion size estimation aids
    03 Jan 2017
    University of Sydney
    Gibson, AA Hsu, MSH Rangan, A Lee, CMY Das, A Seimon, RV Sainsbury, Amanda

    Accurate estimation of food portion size is critical in dietary studies. Hands are potentially useful as portion size estimation aids; however, their accuracy has not been tested. The aim of the present study was to test the accuracy of a novel portion size estimation method using the width of the fingers as a ‘ruler’ to measure the dimensions of foods (‘finger width method’), as well as fists an…

  • SDG-2 SDG-3
    Glycyrrhizic Acid Can Attenuate Metabolic Deviations Caused by a High-Sucrose Diet without Causing Water Retention in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats
    03 Jan 2017
    University of Sydney
    Fernando, HA Chandramouli, C Rosli, D Lam, YL Yong, ST Yaw, HP Ton, SH Kadir, K Sainsbury, Amanda

    Glycyrrhizic acid (GA) ameliorates many components of the metabolic syndrome, but its potential therapeutic use is marred by edema caused by inhibition of renal 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11β-HSD2). We assessed whether 100 mg/kg per day GA administered orally could promote metabolic benefits without causing edema in rats fed on a high-sucrose diet. Groups of eight male rats were fed on o…

  • SDG-2
    Continuous exercise but not high intensity interval training improves fat distribution in overweight adults
    03 Jan 2017
    University of Sydney
    Keating, S Machan, E O'Connor, H Gerofi, J Sainsbury, Amanda Caterson, I Johnson, NL

    Objective. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus continuous aerobic exercise training (CONT) or placebo (PLA) on body composition by randomized controlled design. Methods. Work capacity and body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) were measured before and after 12 weeks of intervention in 38 previously inactive overweight a…