Zeta functions of alternate mirror Calabi–Yau families

15 May 2018

We prove that if two Calabi-Yau invertible pencils have the same dual weights, then they share a common factor in their zeta functions. By using Dwork cohomology, we demonstrate that this common factor is related to a hypergeometric Picard–Fuchs differential equation. The factor in the zeta function is defined over the rationals and has degree at least the order of the Picard–Fuchs equation. As an application, we relate several pencils of K3 surfaces to the Dwork pencil, obtaining new cases of arithmetic mirror symmetry.