Turbulent Drag Reduction Using Anisotropic Permeable Substrates.18 Jul 2018
The behaviour of turbulent flow over anisotropic permeable substrates is studied using linear stability analysis and direct numerical simulations (DNS). The flow within the permeable substrate is modelled using the Brinkman equation, which is solved analytically to obtain the boundary conditions at the substrate-channel interface for both the DNS and the stability analysis. The DNS results show that the drag-reducing effect of the permeable substrate, caused by preferential streamwise slip, can be offset by the wall-normal permeability of the substrate. The latter is associated with the presence of large spanwise structures, typically associated to a Kelvin-Helmholtz-like instability. Linear stability analysis is used as a predictive tool to capture the onset of these drag-increasing Kelvin-Helmholtz rollers. It is shown that the appearance of these rollers is essentially driven by the wall-normal permeability Ky+ . When realistic permeable substrates are considered, the transpiration at the substrate-channel interface is wavelength-dependent. For substrates with low Ky+ , the wavelength-dependent transpiration inhibits the formation of large spanwise structures at the characteristic scales of the Kelvin-Helmholtz-like instability, thereby reducing the negative impact of wall-normal permeability.