The integrated stress response in lung disease.

18 May 2018

Lungs are repeatedly exposed to inhaled toxic insults, such as smoke, diesel exhaust, and microbes, which elicit cellular stress responses. The phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α by one of four stress-sensing kinases triggers a pathway called the integrated stress response that helps protect cellular reserves of nutrients and prevents the accumulation of toxic proteins. In this review, we discuss how activation of the integrated stress response has been shown to play an important role in pulmonary pathology, and how its study may help in the development of novel therapies for diverse conditions, from hypoxia to cancer.