The haematology of the Angora goat with special reference to the habitual aborter. I. The pregnant doe

10 Nov 2016

The differential leucocyte count, total eosinophil count, blood sugar, plasma sodium, potassium, calcium, inorganic phosphorus and haemoglobin concentrations of the blood of 18 normal and 11 habitual aborter Angora does were studied during pregnancy. The results were compared with the existing information on the goat. It was found that the percentage lymphocytes of the normal does increased during gestation with a concomitant decrease in neutrophils, eosinophils and plasma potassium and an increase of plasma sodium and blood glucose values. These variations in the normal constituents of the blood and plasma were attributed to the influence of the hormones of the adrenal cortex, which exhibited maximal function in the parturient female. A decline of adrenal function after 13 weeks gestation appeared to precede parturient elevation. It thus appears that the pre-partum decline of adrenal function occurs earlier in gestation of the goat than the drop of cortisol levels demonstrated 14 days pre-partum in sheep. Significant differences in the haematology between aborter does and the controls were observed. The percentage neutrophils was found to be higher and the lymphocytes and eosinophils lower than the controls at all stages of gestation. Similarly the values for blood glucose and plasma sodium were higher and plasma potassium lower than the corresponding values of the normal doe. These differences support the concept that adrenal hyperfunction may be intimately associated with gestational failure in goats, and these procedures can be useful in detecting animals liable to abort.