Structure-based screening of DNA GyraseB inhibitors for therapeutic applications in tuberculosis : a pharmacoinformatics study

15 Nov 2021

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and considered as serious public health concern worldwide which kills approximately five thousand people every day. Therefore, TB drug development efforts are in gigantic need for identification of new potential chemical agents to eradicate TB from the society. The bacterial DNA gyrase B (GyrB) protein as an experimentally widely accepted effective drug target for the development of TB chemotherapeutics. In the present study, advanced pharmacoinformatics approaches were used to screen the Mcule database against the GyrB protein. Based on a number of chemometric parameters, five molecules were found to be crucial to inhibit the GyrB. A number of molecular binding interactions between the proposed inhibitors and important active site residues of GyrB were observed. The predicted drug-likeness properties of all molecules were indicated that compounds possess characteristics to be the drug-like candidates. The dynamic nature of each molecule was explored through the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation study. Various analyzing parameters from MD simulation trajectory have suggested rationality of the molecules to be potential GyrB inhibitor. Moreover, the binding free energy was calculated from the entire MD simulation trajectories highlighted greater binding free energy values for all newly identified compounds also substantiated the strong binding affection towards the GyrB in comparison to the novobiocin. Therefore, the proposed molecules might be considered as potential anti-TB chemical agents for future drug discovery purposes subjected to experimental validation.