Structural approaches to knowledge exchange: comparing practices across five Centres of Excellence in Public Health03 Oct 2017
Background: In 2008, five UKCRC Public Health Research Centres of Excellence were created to develop a coordinated approach to policy and practice engagement and knowledge exchange. The five Centres have developed their own models and practices for achieving these aims, which have not been compared in detail to date. Methods: We applied an extended version of Saner’s model for the interface between science and policy to compare five case studies of knowledge exchanges, one from each centre. We compared these practices on three dimensions within our model (focus, function and type/scale) to identify barriers and facilitators for knowledge exchange. Results: The case studies shared commonalities in their range of activities (type) but illustrated different ways of linking these activities (function). The Centres’ approaches ranged from structural to more organic, and varied in the extent that they engaged internal audiences (focus). Each centre addressed policymakers at different geographical levels and scale. Conclusions: This paper emphasises the importance of linking a range of activities that engage policymakers at different levels, intensities and points in their decision-making processes to build relationships. Developing a structural approach to knowledge exchange activities in different contexts presents challenges of resource, implementation and evaluation.