Robust stability analysis of active voltage control for high-power IGBT switching by Kharitonov's theorem

28 Feb 2018

The main idea of active voltage control (AVC) is to employ classic feedback-control methods forcing the IGBT collector voltage transient to follow a predefined trajectory. This feedback control of IGBTs has great advantages in guaranteeing that IGBTs remain in safe operating area (SOA), restricting EMI, mitigating the voltage/current stress, minimizing/predicting their power losses, and balancing voltages of IGBTs in series. Inevitably, however, AVC introduces stability issues. Based on the assumption that accurate IGBT small-signal model parameters are available, an analogue proportional-derivative and multiloop feedback control was proposed to achieve stable performance in previous work. Due to nonlinearities and uncertainties in IGBT parameters, previous stability analysis methods have important limitations. This work uses Kharitonov's theorem during the IGBT controlled turn-off to assess the system's stability and guide the AVC design to account for model uncertainties and varying parameters. We conducted experiments to investigate the system's robust stability due to these uncertainties in the IGBT parameters, which confirm the validity of the proposed theoretical analysis. With the use of wide bandwidth op-amps, it is shown that the feedback design may be simplified.