Polyhydroxy sterols isolated from the Red Sea Soft Coral Lobophytum crassum and their Cytotoxic Activity

14 Oct 2020

One new (1) together with four known sterols (2 - 5) and a sesquiterpene (6) were isolated from a polar extract of the Red Sea soft coral Lobophytum crassum. The compounds were identified as 24-methylenecholest-5-ene-1?,3?,11?-triol 1-acetate (1), 24-methylenecholest-5-ene-1?,3?,11?-triol (2), 24- methylenecholest-5-ene-3?-ol (3), 24-methylenecholestane-1?,3?,5?,6?,11?-pentol (4), 24-methylenecholestane-3?,5?,6?-triol (5) and alismoxide (6) based on extensive NMR analysis. The cytotoxicity of compounds 1 ? 6 was evaluated in vitro using three human cancer cell lines viz., HepG2, Hep-2 and HCT-116. Compound 1 showed selective cytotoxic activity against HepG2, while 3 exhibited cytotoxicity against all tested cell lines.