"Perfecting knowledge and piety" : (Philo, Contempl. 3, 25) : intertextual similarities between Philo's therapeutae and Lukan early Christianity

22 Feb 2010

After briefly noting the similarities between the Essenes and Therapeutae, both of which are groups described by Philo, this study compares some of the most striking features of the Therapeutae in Philo's De Vita Contemplativa with similar features in New Testament early Christianity. The focus is particularly, though not exclusively, focused on the Lukan literature. Without assuming any explicit links between the Therapeutae and Lukan Christianity, the comparison highlights commonalities with Jewish religious groups such as the Therapeutae and provides a glimpse of Luke's understanding and presentation of the Jesus-movement.