Overcoming adversity through diversity: aquatic carbon concentrating mechanisms.

14 May 2018

Carbon concentrating mechanism (CCM) systems, asso- ciated with evolutionarily diverse aquatic photosynthetic organisms, make a major contribution to global net primary productivity and marine carbon sequestration. Here, an overview of these global contributions is pre- sented from their evolutionary origins, including a pos- sible trigger for their diversi cation when the aqueous O2/CO2 ratio rose above parity, and a re-de nition of the paradox of phytoplankton. The reviews and research in the special issue also include molecular physiology and ecology of CCMs, through to future potential applications for sustaining carbon sequestration and supporting ter- restrial crop productivity.