Modulation of key lipid raft constituents in primary rat hepatocytes by fumonisin B1 - Implications for cancer promotion in the liver

04 Jul 2018

Fumonisin B1 (FB1), a group 2B natural occurring carcinogenic mycotoxin, modulated lipid and fatty acid (FA) constituents of lipid rafts isolated from primary hepatocytes following exposure to a cytotoxic concentration of FB1 (250 ?M). The major effects observed in rafts, included a significant (p < 0.05) increase in raft cholesterol (CHOL) and glycerophospholipid such as phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), whereas sphingomyelin (SM) decreased (p < 0.05). Changes in lipid constituents resulted in the disruption of important membrane fluidity parameters represented as a decreased (p < 0.05) in the phosphatidylcholine (PC)/PE and PC/(PE+SM) ratios and an increase (p < 0.05) in the CHOL/PL (PL=PC+PE) ratio, suggesting the preservation of lipid raft rigidity and integrity. Observed FA changes in the raft PE fraction included a significant (p < 0.05) increase in C18:2?-6, C20:3?-6, C20:4?-6, C22:4?-6, C22:5?-3 and C22:6?-3, with an increase in total ?-6 and ?-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Modulation of the FA content in PE, specifically the C20:4?-6 PC/PE ratio and PUFA levels, together with changes in CHOL and SM are key determinants regulating the integrity and function of lipid rafts. In primary hepatocytes these changes are associated with the inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis. A lipogenic mechanism is proposed whereby FB1 modulates lipid rafts and differentially target cell survival indices of normal and preneoplastic hepatocytes during cancer promotion in the liver.