Manipulation of induced resistance to viruses03 Oct 2017
Induced resistance against plant viruses has been studied for many years. However, with the exception of RNA silencing, induced resistance to viruses remains mechanistically less well understood than for other plant pathogens. In contrast, the induction processes involved in induced resistance, comprising basal resistance signaling, effector-triggered immunity, and phytohormone pathways, have been increasingly well characterized in recent years. This has allowed induced resistance to viruses to be placed in a broader conceptual framework linking it to other defense systems, which we discuss in this review. We also discuss the range of agents, including chemicals and beneficial microorganisms and application methods that can be used to induce resistance to viruses.