Influence of rhBMP-2 on bone formation and osseointegration in different implant systems after sinus-floor elevation. An in vivo study on sheep

04 Jun 2010

BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported certain bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs) to have positive effects on bone generation. Although some investigators have studied the effects of human recombinant BMP (rhBMP-2) in sinus augmentation in sheep, none of these studies looked at the placement of implants at the time of sinus augmentation. Furthermore, no literature could be found to report on the impact that different implant systems, as well as the positioning of the implants had on bone formation if rhBMP-2 was utilized in sinus-lift procedures. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare sinus augmentation with rhBMP-2 on a poly-D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid gelatine (PLPG) sponge with sinus augmentation with autologous pelvic cancellous bone in the maxillary sinus during the placement of different dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine adult female sheep were submitted to bilateral sinus-floor elevation. In one side (test group) the sinus lift was performed with rhBMP-2 on a PLPG-sponge, while the contralateral side served as the control by using cancellous bone from the iliac crest. Three different implants (Bra¨nemark , 3i and Straumann ) were inserted either simultaneously with the sinus augmentation or as a two staged procedure 6 weeks later. The animals were sacrificed at 6 and 12 weeks for histological and histomorphometrical evaluations during which boneto- implant contact (BIC) and bone density (BD) were evaluated. RESULTS: BD and BIC were significantly higher at 12 weeks in the test group if the implants were placed at the time of the sinus lift (p\0.05). No difference was observed between the different implant systems or positions. CONCLUSIONS: The use of rhBMP-2 with PLPG-sponge increased BIC as well as BD in the augmented sinuses if compared to autologous bone. Different implant systems and positions of the implants had no effect on BIC or BD. 2010 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery.