Imaging of Optically Active Defects with Nanometer Resolution.

04 May 2018

Point defects significantly influence the optical and electrical properties of solid-state materials due to their interactions with charge carriers, which reduce the band-to-band optical transition energy. There has been a demand for developing direct optical imaging methods that would allow in situ characterization of individual defects with nanometer resolution. Here, we demonstrate the localization and quantitative counting of individual optically active defects in monolayer hexagonal boron nitride using single molecule localization microscopy. By exploiting the blinking behavior of defect emitters to temporally isolate multiple emitters within one diffraction limited region, we could resolve two defect emitters with a point-to-point distance down to ten nanometers. The results and conclusion presented in this work add unprecedented dimensions toward future applications of defects in quantum information processing and biological imaging.