Holomorphic Hartree-Fock Theory: The Nature of Two-Electron Problems.20 Mar 2018
We explore the existence and behavior of holomorphic restricted Hartree-Fock (h-RHF) solutions for two-electron problems. Through algebraic geometry, the exact number of solutions with n basis functions is rigorously identified as 1/2(3n - 1), proving that states must exist for all molecular geometries. A detailed study on the h-RHF states of HZ (STO-3G) then demonstrates both the conservation of holomorphic solutions as geometry or atomic charges are varied and the emergence of complex h-RHF solutions at coalescence points. Using catastrophe theory, the nature of these coalescence points is described, highlighting the influence of molecular symmetry. The h-RHF states of HHeH2+ and HHeH (STO-3G) are then compared, illustrating the isomorphism between systems with two electrons and two electron holes. Finally, we explore the h-RHF states of ethene (STO-3G) by considering the π electrons as a two-electron problem and employ NOCI to identify a crossing of the lowest energy singlet and triplet states at the perpendicular geometry.