Functional immune characterization of HIV-associated non-small-cell lung cancer.

06 Jul 2018

Dear Editor, In the combined anti-retroviral therapy (cART) era, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a highly incident cause of morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV (PLHIV)[1]. The immune-pathogenesis of NSCLC and HIV infection both rely on programmed-death 1 (PD-1) receptor-ligand interaction as a mechanism to induce T-cell exhaustion. To date, PLHIV have been excluded from clinical trials of immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICPI), on the presumption that anti-tumour immunity might be compromised by HIV infection. To verify this, we evaluated the clinico-pathologic significance of PD-ligands expression in a consecutive series of 221 archival NSCLC samples, 24 of which were HIV-associated (Table S1).