Fragment-Based Approach to Targeting Inosine-5'-monophosphate Dehydrogenase (IMPDH) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

06 Jun 2018

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major cause of mortality worldwide, and improved treatments are needed to combat emergence of drug resistance. Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), a crucial enzyme required for de novo synthesis of guanine nucleotides, is an attractive TB drug target. Herein, we describe the identification of potent IMPDH inhibitors using fragment-based screening and structure-based design techniques. Screening of a fragment library for Mycobacterium thermoresistible ( Mth) IMPDH ΔCBS inhibitors identified a low affinity phenylimidazole derivative. X-ray crystallography of the Mth IMPDH ΔCBS-IMP-inhibitor complex revealed that two molecules of the fragment were bound in the NAD binding pocket of IMPDH. Linking the two molecules of the fragment afforded compounds with more than 1000-fold improvement in IMPDH affinity over the initial fragment hit.