Fatty acid composition of dried fruits of sclerocarya birrea, diospyros blancoi and landolphia kirkii

25 Sep 2019

Wild fruits are commonly consumed in the rural communities of South Africa. The information on their nutritionally important fatty acids is,however,limited. Three wild fruit species,Diospyrosblancoi, Landolphia kirkii and Sclerocarya birrea from Limpopo Province were selected for evaluation of fatty acid content. Fatty acids composition of dried fruits of Diospyros blancoi (Db), Landolphia kirkii (Lk) and ripe and/or overripe Sclerocarya birrea (Sb) were evaluated by a gas chromatography-time of flight-mass spectrometer(GC-TOF-MS).Hexadecanoic acid(C16:0)was found in highest abundance in L. kirkii (57.73–73.55%), followed by S. birrea (55.92–71.31%) and D. blancoi (46.31–62.05%), respectively. Octadecanoic acid(C18:0)was of second highest abundance,with24.71–100%inD.blancoi, L. kirkii (31.03–41.60%) and S. birrea (9.11–17.0%). The 9-octadecenoic acid (C18:1n-9) was the major unsaturated fatty acid in both S. birrea(5.33–18.82%),D. blancoi (8.22–8.92%),and L. kirkii (3.84–8.63%). The9,-12-octadecadienoic acid(C18:2n-6) was the major unsaturated fatty acid in D.blancoi(22.34%). The9,-12,-15-octadecatrienoic acid(C18:3n-3)was found in L. kirkii(3.51%)and S.birrea(2.79%). From the results, saturated fatty acids were the most dominant, whereas mono-and poly-unsaturated fatty acids were the minor constituents. Therefore, presence of nutritionally important essential fatty acids from S. birrea, D. blancoi and L.kirkii has been shown.